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Search our digital archival collections and materials from other educational and cultural institutions around the state.

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Search digital collections from UConn Library and more than 40 educational and cultural institutions from around the state in the Connecticut Digital Archive.

Fair Use & Copyright Help

Copyright@UConn Library

Faculty and students may encounter copyright issues in many aspects of their work. This page provides information and guidance for complying with copyright law in teaching, learning, and scholarship. For additional assistance with copyright questions, email the Scholarly Communications Coordinating Group at

Copyright Overview

Copyright provides the creators of original works of authorship with a set of exclusive rights to copy, distribute, and perform their works for a limited period of time. Protected works include (but are not limited to) books, plays, music, movies, photographs, paintings, sculptures, digital files, and web pages.

Rights under Copyright

Copyright grants its owner the right to:

  • Reproduce the work
  • Prepare derivative works
  • Distribute copies publicly
  • Display the work publicly
  • In the case of sound recordings, to perform the work publicly by means of a digital audio transmission (e.g., webcasting).

What is Protected by Copyright?

  • Literary works
  • Musical works, including accompanying words
  • Dramatic works, including accompanying music
  • Pantomimes and choreographic works
  • Pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works
  • Motion pictures and other audiovisual works
  • Sound recordings
  • Architectural works

What is Not Protected by Copyright?

  • Works not fixed in a tangible form of expression (e.g., improvisational unrecorded speeches, performances, and choreographic works)
  • Facts
  • Titles, names, short phrases and slogans; familiar symbols or designs, mere variations of typographic ornamentation, lettering, mere listings of ingredients or contents
  • Ideas, procedures, methods, systems, processes, concepts, principles, discoveries, or devices, as distinguished from a description, explanation, or illustration
  • Certain works produced by government employees
  • Works consisting entirely of information that is common property and containing no original authorship


It is not necessary to publish your work or register your work with the Library of Congress to obtain copyright protection. Copyright protection begins when the work is created and fixed in a tangible form.

Registration does provide notice to others that the work is under copyright and is required before filing a suit in federal court for copyright infringement.

Copyright Registration


Works created on or after January 1, 1978 are protected for the lifetime of the author plus 70 years.

The duration of protection of works published prior to January 1, 1978 varies based on a number of factors. This chart from Cornell University can help you determine whether a work is currently protected by copyright.

Work for Hire

In a work made for hire, an employer may own the copyright if the work is created by an employee within the scope of employment. The University only claims copyright in specific situations. See the University Intellectual Property Policy for additional information.

Copyright Exceptions