Skip to Main Content Skip to Content
Skip to Search
Skip to Navigation
Skip to Content

University of Connecticut University Libraries

Historical Background

What is the scholarly communication crisis? It is the loss of access to the scholarly research literature, as the rising cost of journal subscriptions far out-strip institutional library budgets. Each year libraries can afford to subscribe to fewer and fewer journals. Over the last 15 years, the price of research journals has risen over 200% (compare with the Consumer Price Index, up 57% over this same period). Consequently, academic libraries are subscribing to fewer and fewer titles - and slashing book buying as well (see ARL's 2001 The Impact of Serial Costs on Library Collections). The inflation is due to a number of factors; most prominently, commercial publishers controlling an increasing percentage of titles, at the expense of scholarly societies and university presses. Profit margins for commercial publishers typically are at least 20% - with the profits coming from university libraries. Mergers and acquisitions exacerbate the trend, to the point where five publishers now produce over 50% of the science journals received at the University of Connecticut.

Origins of the Crisis in Scholarly Communication
Correct and concise outline, from Iowa State University
To Publish and Perish [pdf] (1998)
Joint statement from a national meeting of presidents, chief academic officers, and librarians of major research universities in the U.S.
Open Access Forum in the journal Nature March/ April, 2004


Barjak, F. "The Role of the Internet in Informal Scholarly Communication." Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 57.10 (2006): 1350-67.

Bergman, S. S. "The Scholarly Communication Movement: Highlights and Recent Developments." Collection Building 25.4 (2006): 108-28.

Boettcher, J. "Framing the Scholarly Communication Cycle." Online (Wilton, Connecticut) 30.3 (2006): 24-6.

Bradley, J. -C, et al. "Opening Science to all: Implications of Blogs and Wikis for Social and Scholarly Scientific Communication." Proceedings of the ASIST Annual Meeting 44 (2007)

Coleman, A. "Self-Archiving and the Copyright Transfer Agreements of ISI-Ranked Library and Information Science Journals." Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 58.2 (2007): 286-96.
Correia, A. M. R., and J. C. Teixeira. "Reforming Scholarly Publishing and Knowledge Communication: From the Advent of the Scholarly Journal to the Challenges of Open Access." Online Information Review 29.4 (2005): 349-64.

---. "Reforming Scholarly Publishing and Knowledge Communication: From the Advent of the Scholarly Journal to the Challenges of Open Access." Information Services and Use 25.1 (2005): 13-21.

Craig, I. D., et al. "Do Open Access Articles have Greater Citation Impact?. A Critical Review of the Literature." Journal of Informetrics 1.3 (2007): 239-48.

Davis, P. M. "Does Free-Access to Scholarly Articles Increase Readership and Citation Impact? A Randomized Controlled, Multi-Publisher, Multi-Journal Study." Proceedings of the ASIST Annual Meeting 44 (2007)

Donovan, G., and K. Estlund. "New Librarians and Scholarly Communication: Get Involved." College and Research Libraries News 68.3 (2007): 155,158+162.

Duncan, J., et al. "Issues in Scholarly Communications: Creating a Campus-Wide Dialog." Serials Librarian 50.3-4 (2006): 243-8..

Esposito, J. J. "The Wisdom of Oz: The Role of the University Press in Scholarly Communications." Journal of Electronic Publishing 10.1 (2007)

Furlough, M. "University Presses and Scholarly Communication." College and Research Libraries News 69.1 (2008): 32-6.

Genoni, P., H. Merrick, and M. A. Willson. "Scholarly Communities, e-Research Literacy and the Academic Librarian." Electronic Library 24.6 (2006): 734-46.

Greco, A. N. "Recent Trends in Scholarly Communications: 2001-2005." Journal of Scholarly Publishing 37.4 (2006): 288-306.

Greco, A. N., et al. "The State of Scholarly Journal Publishing: 1981-2000." Journal of Scholarly Publishing 37.3 (2006): 155-214.

Guthrie, K. M. "Something in the Water: Scholarly Communications in a Rapidly Changing Information Economy." Serials 21.2 (2008): 79-82.

Hahn, K. L. "Talk about Talking about New Models of Scholarly Communication." Journal of Electronic Publishing 11.1 (2008)

Harley, D., et al. "The Influence of Academic Values on Scholarly Publication and Communication Practices." Journal of Electronic Publishing 10.2 (2007)

Hixson, C. "If we Build it, Will they Come (Eventually)? Scholarly Communication and Institutional Repositories." Serials Librarian 50.1-2 (2006): 197-209.

Ho, A. K., and C. W. Bailey Jr. "Open Access Webliography." Reference Services Review 33.3 (2005): 346-64.

Hoorn, E., and M. Van Der Graaf. "Copyright Issues in Open Access Research Journals: The Authors' Perspective." D-Lib Magazine 12.2 (2006): 77-86.

Houghton, J. W., C. Steele, and M. Henty. "Research Practices and Scholarly Communication in the Digital Environment." Learned Publishing 17.3 (2004): 231-49.

Hurd, J. M. "Scientific Communication: New Roles and New Players." Science and Technology Libraries 25.1-2 (2004): 5-22.

Jantz, R. C., and M. C. Wilson. "Institutional Repositories: Faculty Deposits, Marketing, and the Reform of Scholarly Communication." Journal of Academic Librarianship 34.3 (2008): 186-95.

Jeon-Slaughter, H., A. C. Herkovic, and M. A. Keller. "Economics of Scientific and Biomedical Journals: Where do Scholars Stand in the Debate of Online Journal Pricing and Site License Ownership between Libraries and Publishers?" First Monday 10.3 (2005)

Koehler, B. M., and N. K. Roderer. "Scholarly Communications Program: Force for Change." Biomedical Digital Libraries 3 (2006)

Leslie Jr., D. M. "A Shifting Mosaic of Scholarly Publishing, Scientific Delivery, and Future Impact Changing the Face of Learned Societies." Journal of Mammalogy 88.2 (2007): 275-86.

Lewis, D. W. "A Strategy for Academic Libraries in the First Quarter of the 21st Century." College and Research Libraries 68.5 (2007): 418-34.

---. "Library Budgets, Open Access, and the Future Scholarly Communication: Transformations in Academic Publishing." College and Research Libraries News 69.5 (2008): 271-3.

Marchitelli, A. "OJS and OCS: Upgrading Journals, Conferences, and Scholarly Communications to Open Access." European Science Editing 34.1 (2008): 7-8.

Martinsen, D. P. "Scholarly Communication 2.0: Evolution Or Design?" ACS Chemical Biology 2.6 (2007): 368-71.

Mattison, D. "Crisis Or Opportunity: The First International Public Knowledge Project (PKP) Scholarly Publishing Conference." Searcher: Magazine for Database Professionals 16.1 (2008): 28,33+60-62.

McCulloch, E. "Taking Stock of Open Access: Progress and Issues." Library Review 55.6 (2006): 337-43.

Morris, S. "The True Costs of Scholarly Journal Publishing." Learned Publishing 18.2 (2005): 115-26.

Ogburn, J. L. "Defining and Achieving Success in the Movement to Change Scholarly Communication." Library Resources and Technical Services 52.2 (2008): 44-53.

Park, J. -H. "The Relationship between Scholarly Communication and Science and Technology Studies (STS)." Journal of Scholarly Publishing 39.3 (2008): 257-73.

Park, J. -H, and J. Qin. "Exploring the Willingness of Scholars to Accept Open Access: A Grounded Theory Approach." Journal of Scholarly Publishing 38.2 (2007): 55-84.

Rowlands, I., and D. Nicholas. "The Changing Scholarly Communication Landscape: An International Survey of Senior Researchers." Learned Publishing 19.1 (2006): 31-55.

Rowlands, I., D. Nicholas, and P. Huntington. "Scholarly Communication in the Digital Environment: What do Authors Want?" Learned Publishing 17.4 (2004): 261-73.

Rowlands, I., and R. Olivieri. "Research Productivity and the Journals System: A Study of Immunology and Microbiology Authors." Research Evaluation 16.1 (2007): 23-34.

Schatzle, C. "A Proposed Solution to the Scholarly Communications Crisis." Journal of Access Services 3.3 (2007): 37-47.

Schwartz, C. A. "Reassessing Prospects for the Open Access Movement." College and Research Libraries 66.6 (2005): 488-95.

Sperr Jr., E. V. "Libraries and the Future of Scholarly Communication." Molecular Cancer 5 (2006).

Steele, C., L. Butler, and D. Kingsley. "The Publishing Imperative: The Pervasive Influence of Publication Metrics." Learned Publishing 19.4 (2006): 277-90.

Stemper, J., and K. Williams. "Scholarly Communication." College and Research Libraries News 67.11 (2006): 692-6.

Stern, D. "Enhanced Online Access Requires Redesigned Delivery Options and Cost Models." Acquisitions Librarian 19.37-38 (2006): 119-34.

Tyrer, P., and D. Jago. "The Function of Scientific Journals: Scholarly Communication Or a Money-Making Racket?" Journal of Mental Health 15.5 (2006): 517-8.

Van De Sompel, H., et al. "Rethinking Scholarly Communication: Building the System that Scholars Deserve." D-Lib Magazine 10.9 (2004)

Van Orsdel, L. C. "The State of Scholarly Communications: An Environmental Scan of Emerging Issues, Pitfalls, and Possibilities." Serials Librarian 52.1-2 (2007): 191-209.

Walters, T. O. "Strategies and Frameworks for Institutional Repositories and the New Support Infrastructure for Scholarly Communications." D-Lib Magazine 12.10 (2006)

Walters, W. H., and E. I. Wilder. "The Cost Implications of Open-Access Publishing in the Life Sciences." BioScience 57.7 (2007): 619-25.
Warner, S. "The Transformation of Scholarly Communication." Learned Publishing 18.3 (2005): 177-85.

Yiotis, K. "The Open Access Initiative: A New Paradigm for Scholarly Communications." Information Technology and Libraries 24.4 (2005): 157-62.

Zhao, D. "Challenges of Scholarly Publications on the Web to the Evaluation of Science-A Comparison of Author Visibility on the Web and in Print Journals." Information Processing and Management 41.6 (2005): 1403-18.